inside the industry


P4Parking helps owners and occupiers of private land protect their property from unlawful parking. We protect landlords and tenants who have the right to reserve parking facilities for valid drivers such as residents, customers and staff and to deter other drivers by charging them a parking charge through enforcement.

Contract Law

If a driver parks on your land and you have displayed our warnings signs correctly, the driver is entering into a contract with you. If  drivers break your parking rules they are ‘in breach of contract’.


It is important to remember a parking charge notice is issued to the driver of the vehicle. However, in any case where the driver does not make payment liability will fall on the registered keeper of the vehicle under Schedule 4 of the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012.  

Legal Precedents

When a driver parks at a car park that we manage, the driver enters into a contract with P4Parking. The required terms and conditions are clearly stated on all our car park signage. This ensures the parking charges are enforceable in a civil court.

A key legal precedent for England and Wales was set in 1996, in the case of Arthur vs Anker. The judge ruled that Mr Arthur parked in breach of the terms and conditions prominently displayed at the site. He was liable to pay the charges levied.

A more recent precedent was set in 2008, in the case of Combined Parking Solutions (“CPS”) v Stephen James Thomas. Mr Thomas tried to deny he was the person responsible for parking his car without a permit in a church car park managed by CPS. However, the judge ruled that “on the balance of probabilities”, the driver was Mr Thomas, and that he had therefore knowingly entered into a contract with CPS. He was held liable to pay CPS’s charges plus interest, court fees and expenses. The Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 means that it will no longer be necessary to prove who the driver was because if the registered keeper fails to identify the driver the registered keeper becomes liable to pay the parking charge.

The Charges

All charges made by P4Parking are due to a breach of the contract legally entered by the driver of the vehicle. 

Our signage clearly states that a person should NOT park their vehicle if they do not agree and understand the contractual charges as set out in the signs. A person cannot, therefore, claim the charge is unfair after they have agreed to pay the charge and by parking their vehicle they have accepted the charge. 

Refusing to pay the charge

If payment for the parking charge is not received the driver’s details will be passed to a debt recovery agency. They may also become liable to additional costs as a result of this. If they still refuse to pay, we will start court proceedings against them.

Court Orders

Often information found on Internet forums posted by amateur lawyers advises people not to pay parking charges by claiming they are not enforceable by law. This is terrible advice as all Parking Companies regularly take drivers to court and in most cases, the judge finds in the Parking Companies favour. This is dependent on signage being clear and properly displayed, the parking charge was issued correctly, and the charge made was fair. 

Get in touch with our parking team today to discuss how we can help you. Call 0845 556 0789.

important information

Please note, challenges over the phone will not be accepted.

how to pay

Internet – To pay securely using a Debit or Credit card via the web, please click here.

Phone – To pay securely through our automated payment line using a Debit or Credit card, please call 03332 407 298.

Post – To send a payment by post, please use a Cheque or Postal Order to the following address quoting your reference number (PCN) on the reverse: P4Parking, P.O. Box 71107, London, SE18 9LB.

how to appeal

WebClick here to submit an appeal online.

Post – To appeal in writing, please write to Appeals Team, P4Parking, P.O. Box 71107, London, SE18 9LB.

You are advised to obtain proof of postage if sending your appeal via post.

Please refer to the Parking Charge Notice for further information.

contact p4parking

postal address

Parking customer service

P4Parking sales email